Many professors are discouraged by their work conditions and the lack of independent bodies to defend their rights, a study by Al-Fanar Media found.
Egyptian universities are increasingly interested in business incubators and in teaching entrepreneurship, but funding is a problem.
Providing legal job opportunities for refugees helps them rebuild their lives and benefits host countries too, aid agencies say.
SPARK, a development NGO, and UN Women are offering gender-specific training to help women entrepreneurs in countries set back by Covid-19.
Iraqi and American professors built an ethics curriculum for engineering schools after Iraq asked its universities to seek international accreditation.
Organizers of an initiative that brought aspiring young entrepreneurs together with business leaders in the UAE say they intend to refine the project to help lower the very high levels of youth unemployment in the Arab region.
After five years of activism, Libyan university professors won a government pledge to increase their wages. But they may not see the money soon.
While travel restrictions close some doors, online courses open others. For a student about to complete her B.A., a routine question prompts some serious thinking.
International agencies that provide scholarships hope alumni networks will help make Syrian graduates more employable.