Professors have fled, students are dropping out or struggling to balance study and jobs, and businesses complain that graduates lack skills.
More students are seeking advanced degrees, hoping for academic jobs, but many find only part-time positions.
Thousands of Syrian teachers have arrived in Turkey to escape the war. Still, many of them found it difficult to find a job due several obstacles.
Reforming the education system in Morocco requires navigating between two extremes: expensive private schools and a free public system that fails its students.
Getting a recommendation letter would be difficult if students do not guide their professors, the writer says.
Advisory groups urge the new government to put more focus on helping the newcomers learn the German language.
Why does a public university prefer to hire teaching staff from western universities?
Talent Beyond Borders matches talented refugees with jobs and helps them with logistics, like obtaining visas.
With unemployment high in the kingdom, sources say young people increasingly are buying fake papers and turning to refugee-smuggling rings.
Thousands of students in Jordan graduate from disciplines not needed by the economy.