Turkish universities in border regions are giving more secure jobs to Syrians academics who can teach refugee students in Arabic.
In the second part of their essay, the authors discuss feedback, growth and attitude towards failure.
Grassroots and government initiatives hope to spread a culture of reading in the Arab region.
A writer calls for a unified approach to support academic freedom in Egypt.
Low fees and breadth of choice have led to a huge rise in Arab and foreign students in Egypt.
Ideas from a faculty workshop at the American University in Cairo encourage fresh thinking about supporting student progress.
Tunisian universities attract many international students. The visitors praise the universities, but complain of racism and other obstacles.
The culture of silence surrounding miscarriage adds a further strain to the ability of female faculty members to succeed in academe, the writer says.
The Academic Freedom Monitoring Report, a project of Scholars at Risk, has highlighted Egypt, especially the bans there that prevent professors from traveling.