When it comes to the top level of Arab higher education, women are largely missing.
A survey of Syrian students seeking advanced degrees found that many have broad personal and civic ambitions. But they face many obstacles.
The Trump travel ban and cuts to a major Saudi scholarship program are among causes of the decline.
Analysis of detailed 2016 survey data indicates a lack of interest among residents of Arab countries in civic engagement.
Lamis Jomaa studies the food security and nutritional health of refugees, and is passionate about the idea that research can change the status quo.
As crises escalate, so does the number of displaced scientists. But a precise overall count is elusive.
Arab participation in research is high compared to the rest of the world, but that rate masks difficulties women face in some countries and in male-dominated disciplines.
A survey of Saudi youth can help to inform how philanthropies working in the kingdom could help steer youth from their university lives to productive employment.