A survey by Al-Fanar Media found that many researchers in Arab countries are unhappy with their working conditions and would rather be employed outside of the region.
Researchers working in Arab countries detail the challenges they face, and ways of overcoming them.
A researcher in Iraq risks the quality of his geological samples when he ships them to Italy for analysis.
A Yemeni researcher wanted to return to her country to do plant research that could help human health. But the war there made research impossible.
Most researchers in Arab countries say they want to leave, but one academic administrator has developed a strategy for bringing those who have left back.