A Paris-based organization provides the certificate, which is based on a widely used standard for measuring levels of proficiency in many languages.
A Turkish university offers a new chance at accredited degrees for Syrians in opposition-held territory, but it is difficult for many of them to reach.
Students attending Syrian universities in those areas controlled by opposition forces are having to confront the reality that they may not finish their degrees.
Degrees based on curricula that mix traditional and online instruction are gaining new acceptance in the nation’s education system.
The new system, designed to meet international accreditation standards, will give medical students more hands-on experience in hospitals.
Rojava University, in Syria’s mostly Kurdish northeast, has enthusiastic foreign support, meets a local need and is part of a project for regional independence.
In Tunisia, the biggest group representing engineers has caused controversy by criticizing the country’s higher education ministry over its perceived failure to maintain academic standards.
Students need to understand what lies behind accreditation before they rely on it to make decisions, a consultant says.
The refugees take classes at U.S.-affiliated colleges that could help them attend a European or American university in the future.