In Egypt, Yemen, Morocco, and South Sudan, more than one quarter of the population is illiterate.
Scientists need to follow the shift from infectious diseases to chronic conditions.
As conflict arcs through a cluster of Arab countries, a whole generation may be sidelined from education.
The University of Khartoum, the oldest and largest university in Sudan, closed in May after months of conflict.
Al-Fanar Media is seeking 60 early and mid-career journalists to participate in a program aimed at improving education journalism in the Arab world.