Rapid technological adoption worldwide is changing both the nature of jobs and the skills required to do them, the online course provider Coursera notes in its recent “Campus Skills Report” for 2022.
At the same time, youth unemployment is reaching crisis levels around the globe, the report says. Both trends have been accelerated by the Covid-19 pandemic.
Drawing from data from Coursera’s 3.8 million registered student learners and 3,700 campus customers, the Campus Skills Report assesses the skills proficiency and job-readiness of higher-education students learning on Coursera and seeks to provide insights that policy makers can use to better align higher education and employment.
The report is divided into three sections, measuring the skills proficiencies of students for five emerging jobs globally; taking a closer look at student skill trends in nine countries, including Egypt and Saudi Arabia; and outlining skill-to-job pathways for 10 academic disciplines.
New Jobs Will Replace Those Disappearing
Advances in areas like automation and artificial intelligence (AT) are causing shifts in the division of labour among humans, machines, and algorithms, the report notes. It predicts that jobs that involve routine, repetitive work will disappear, while new jobs will emerge.
By 2025, it says, 85 million existing jobs may be lost, yet 97 million new jobs may arise.
Many of these new jobs will center on skills that are uniquely human, the report says. These include cognitive skills, such as decision making and creativity, and social and emotional skills, such as collaboration and project management.
Demand for technology skills, such as software programming, machine learning, and product design, will also increase, the report says.
Five Emerging Jobs in Demand
The five emerging jobs most strongly demanded by Coursera students are data scientist, data analyst, software engineer, machine learning engineer, and marketing specialist. The World Economic Forum agrees that these jobs are among those most in demand globally.