Research citations per faculty member and the faculty-student ratio are both major factors in QS’s rankings methodology, with each accounting for 20 percent of an institution’s overall score. The other criteria are academic reputation, weighted at 40 percent of a university’s total score; employer reputation (10 percent), and the ratios of international faculty members and international students (5 percent each).
According to Kuwait University’s website, there are about 1,560 faculty members, 307 assistant teachers, and 36,411 students. “The faculty-student ratio is very low,” Al-Hamoud commented.
Al-Hamoud believes the best solution to the university’s low international ranking, which affects its academic reputation, would be to “accelerate the completion of its second campus, have higher financial allocations, more faculty members, and support for faculty members to dedicate more time to research.”
“Faculty members’ focus on administrative work rather than research is caused by the accumulation of teaching burdens, and the lack of financial incentive for research,” he added. “Faculty members who continue their research sometimes have to spend from their own pockets.”
Progress on Some Indicators
In a statement on Twitter, the university said it had made progress in several subcategories in the rankings, despite remaining in the 1,001-1,200 group out of 1,418 universities ranked.
It said the university had made progress in employment outcomes, reflecting its ability “to qualify high-level graduates to engage in the labour market and make a positive impact in various fields of work.”
It also cited progress on the global research network index, which reflects the university’s “ability to diversify its international research network through sustainable research partnerships with other higher-education institutions.”
In an attempt to explain its relatively low ranking, the university noted that “there are many aspects that are outside the control of the university, being a public university, and that some reasons are related to government decisions that may not be in line with some international ranking standards.”
Competition from Private Institutions