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Basra Is Declared Free of Radioactive Contamination After 3 Years’ Work

/ 14 Nov 2021

Basra Is Declared Free of Radioactive Contamination After 3 Years’ Work

Iraqi scientists have succeeded in removing and treating radioactive contamination resulting from the use of chemical weapons decades ago in Basra and the surrounding area, Iraq’s Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research has announced.

The scientists began work in Basra, Iraq’s third most populous region, in June 2018 after the International Atomic Energy Agency approved their action plan.

Majed Al-Saadi, head of the scientific team on the project, told Al-Fanar Media: “Radioactive waste has been present in Basra since the early 1990s. It resulted from the use of depleted uranium weapons with a high degree of radiation during the First Gulf War in 1991.”

More contamination occurred during the military operations after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, he added.

“We succeeded in removing and treating waste in 26 sites throughout Basra Governorate. These sites vary between houses that were bombed with uranium, and military equipment left behind because of the bombing.”

Majed Al-Saadi   Head of the scientific team and a professor at Al Nahrain University

“We succeeded in removing and treating waste in 26 sites throughout Basra Governorate,” said Al-Saadi, a professor of science at Al Nahrain University. “These sites vary between houses that were bombed with uranium, and military equipment left behind because of the bombing.” (See a related article, “Fallout From Chemical Weapons Program Continues to Plague Iraq.”)

Researchers have documented serious health consequences resulting from radioactive and chemical pollution in Iraq.

The High Commission for Human Rights in Iraq has reported a high rate of cancer, reaching about 800 cases per month, in Basra Governorate. (See a related article, “An Iraqi Scientist Speaks Out on the Lingering Effects of Radioactive Weapons.”)

A study published by the Arab Scientific Community Organization in March 2019 reported a high rate of congenital malformations in children after 1991. The authors expected that “the problem of radioactive pollution in southern Iraq and its health effects will continue for decades.”

Removing Contaminated Soil

The Iraqi scientists divided the decontamination work into  stages. First they measured the radiation level at each site using advanced devices from the International Atomic Energy Agency, in Vienna.  Then they removed materials inside the sites where high levels of radiation were detected, including remnants of demolished buildings. Finally, they treated and took away contaminated soil in specially designed barrels.

The last stage included measuring radiation levels after treatment, said Al-Saadi, whose mission with the team ended in 2020.

Ehab Ali Hassan, another member of the treatment team, told Al-Fanar Media that the worst part of the job involved “facing danger for long periods of time.”

“We sometimes had to stay overnight in some sites for a week or ten consecutive days.”

Ehab Ali Hassan   A member of the treatment team

“We sometimes had to stay overnight in some sites for a week or ten consecutive days,” Hassan said.

Hassan started working with teams to clear contamination from Iraq’s former battle zones after graduating from the College of Engineering at the University of Mosul in 2013. His work there was paused for several years after Islamic State forces occupied the northern Iraqi city in 2014. (See a related article, “An Encounter with a Mosul Photographer.”)

He was only able to resume work in 2018. Hassan said he wanted to build treatment plants in several governorates to dispose of all chemical and radioactive pollutants.

A Former Minister’s Advice

The teams began their work during the tenure of Abdul Razzaq Al-Issa as minister of higher education and scientific research. (See a related article, “Iraq’s Former Higher Education Minister Strives to Improve Universities.”)

Al-Issa told Al-Fanar Media that some Iraqi governorates still contain radioactive pollutants. These include the Mosul region and the border area between Iraq and Kuwait, he said.

The sources of radioactive waste vary, Al-Issa said, but include remnants of weapons used in previous wars.

He added: “The best way to get rid of this radiation is to expand the establishment of treatment plants.”

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Two years ago, the ministry established four radioactive waste treatment plants in Basra Governorate. Al-Issa said Iraq had scientific teams capable of the task, “but there must be a political will to liquidate this waste in all governorates that suffer from the problem.”

Related Reading

To read more about the efforts of scientists and researchers to deal with sources of environmental pollution in Iraq, see the following selected articles from Al-Fanar Media’s archives:




One CommentJoin the Conversation
  1. Roger Helbig says:

    Where is the original announcement in English translation? The alleged contamination of the Basra area has been lied about since 1991 when Saddam Hussein’s propagandists began the lies about depleted uranium. Depleted uranium is highly concentrated Uranium-238 which already makes up 99.3% of natural uranium and is found world-wide. Uranium-238 is one of the least radioactive natural elemental isotopes with a half-life equal to the age of the planet Earth, 4.5 billion years. An even less radioactive natural elemental isotope is Thorium-232 which has a half-life of 14 billion years. Highly radioactive isotopes have very short half-lives like Polonium-210 which was used to murder a former Soviet spy in London that has a half-life of 138 days. I doubt that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed with calling Depleted Uranium dangerously radioactive or a cause for an alleged 800 cases of cancer. I am familiar with the UN Environment Programme report by an Iraqi scientific team since the international team was forbidden entry to Iraq by Saddam Hussein. I am also familiar with the IAEA report on Kuwait and both are referenced below. I doubt that either of those reports would have recommended the alleged solution discussed in this article because there simply was no need to do it.

    References:

    Capacity-building for the Assessment of Depleted Uranium in Iraq
    UNEP Technical Report, August 2007.
    http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/Iraq_DU.pdf

    Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait With Residues of Depleted Uranium
    Includes Appendix III – Experiments to Examine Resuspension
    http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1164_web.pdf


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