Iraqi artist Sadik Kwaish Alfraji’s work explores an all-too-frequent experience in today’s world—the experience of having multiple homes where one is both comfortable and yet spiritually uneasy.
This experience is not just the result of the refugee crisis, he argues, but of the rising number of people who have been forced to leave their hometowns out of fear of ethnic persecution or in search of better economic opportunities. And the experience can thread through multiple generations, he says, as it has in his own family.
Alfraji, a multi-media artist who often works in drawing, painting and animated video, is himself a migrant, having moved to Holland from Baghdad in 1996. He studied both art and philosophy in his native Iraq before his move to Holland. He left behind a library of four thousand books, “most of which were philosophy books on the self,” he says, with self-deprecating humor.
Drawing on his family history of displacement, Alfraji makes work that is meant to broadly resonate with viewers. “The point of my work is not political, it’s about presenting questions about what happens to the self when it has been forced out of its home to live elsewhere. I believe that is something that one can never remedy, and you carry that burden wherever you might travel to or settle thereafter. It is a matter that remains permanently in one’s heart.”
A Heart in Two Homes
Alfraji’s work still refers to the way in which his heart is in both Holland and Iraq. His animated video, Ali’s Boat, for instance, was inspired by an encounter with his nephew, Ali, in 2009 when Alfraji was visiting Baghdad after his father’s death and was about to fly back to Amsterdam. On a plain sheet of paper his nephew drew a boat and wrote the words “I wish this boat could take me with you,” and put the picture in an envelope.
Alfraji’s work has found a wide audience. He is preparing multiple exhibitions in the coming year, including one at L’Appartement 22 in Rabat, a contemporary art space in Marrakesh. He currently has a large installation composed of nine animated videos at the Queensland Art Gallery in Brisbane, Australia. His work was been on display at Art Dubai, shown at the Iraqi Pavilion at the Venice Biennale and has been acquired by the British Museum.
He has just ended an exhibition, The River That Was in the South, at Ayyam Gallery in Dubai. The exhibition contained many of the aesthetic elements and motifs that occur throughout his oeuvre: a limited range of colors; a simple—yet not primitive—rendering of human figures; symbolism and myth-like narratives. “Many of my paintings I produce using black ink or black paint, and perhaps this is an emotional reference to my childhood when during preparations for ‘Ashura [a day of mourning for Shias that commemorates the death of Hussein, the prophet’s grandson, in Karbala in 680 AD] my mother would buy black powder from the market to dye our clothes as it was the cheapest way to give us children black clothes for a time of the year imbued with heavy emotions.”
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The River That Was in the South had one video and a series of black-and-white paintings in a somber yet poetic style executed entirely with black ink on white canvases on a staggeringly large scale. The size and starkness of the images are haunting, like a provocative film that remains in viewers’ minds long after the movie is over. The exhibition could be considered an elegy for Alfraji’s father and grandfather, whom he frequently brings up in conversation.
But the exhibition was also a personal exercise “to grapple with the permanent sense of displacement which will never be resolved. Despite many years away from Iraq, one carries this sense of being permanently out of place, never at home abroad and never at home in Iraq.”
A Grandfather’s Portrait
The artworks contain a multitude of male and female faces wearing traditional headscarves and veils. They do not depict people the artist knew, but faces that represent everyday Iraqis whom he conjures up when imagining his countrymen: often with strong features, thick eyebrows and hollowed-out eyes. Even when trying to paint family members he sometimes had to use his imagination. “I never saw a picture of my grandfather—no one in the family had one—so when I drew the drawings for the video installation’s animation, I had to create his face based on the faces that were around me.”
The five-minute video installation in The River That Was in the South not only gave the exhibition its name but also narrated the Iraqi history of agricultural feudalism and migration. The video told the story of a family against the background of Iraqi history while an older man and woman look on, alternatively smiling or mourning as the story unfolds. This video was an animation created by layering hundreds of charcoal sketches on top of one another. Humans morphed into flowers or flowers became snakes.
“I think of myself as a traditional hakawati, a storyteller like those who would sit in the coffee shops of Baghdad and narrate long tales,” says Alfraji. The piece contains two narratives: the first narrative shows the emotional unraveling of a man and woman who watch a bucolic rural scene of a farmer tilling the land evolve into a landscape that is being consumed by a large, angry male face. A figure is tied to a tree and flogged, only to then morph into multiple figures who depart with suitcases in hand. The male and female observers watch the farmland’s destruction and the crowds fleeing the area. The simple power of the narrative is often carried by the artist’s depictions of the mournful expressions on the characters’ faces.
“I think of myself as a traditional hakawati, a storyteller like those who would sit in the coffee shops of Baghdad and narrate long tales,”-Sadik Kwaish Alfraji
multi-media artist who often works in drawings, paintings and animated videos
Alfraji’s animated video calls to mind the work of the South African artist William Kentridge who also uses videos based on black charcoal drawings to explore his country’s political and social history. But Alfraji’s work emphasizes the emotional repercussions on the self caused by forced departure from people’s homeland. In the context of the refugee crisis, his work critiques the emphasis on physical displacement rather than the long-term emotional condition of displaced individuals.
Over time, as the academic exploration of human migrations shifts from tracking human movements to exploring long-term emotional, mental and spiritual effects, work such as Sadik Kwaish Alfraji’s may well gain in popularity and in the power to help start important conversations.